Overview: European Universities in Transition

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Science  02 Feb 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5249, pp. 681
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5249.681


All across Europe, university systems are being revamped, but the forces driving these changes and the responses to them are far from uniform. Germany and France are struggling to cope with more students while funding has stagnated; the United Kingdom is broadening access to university education while stimulating more competition among institutions; the Netherlands is trying to shorten the time it takes students to graduate; and the former countries of the Soviet bloc are struggling with the legacy of communism—the separation of research and teaching, and limited finances. This special issue examines these trends in eight countries