Germany and France: Europe's Science Powerhouses Face Limits to Growth

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Science  02 Feb 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5249, pp. 683
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5249.683


Universities in Germany and France are facing similar problems: Reforms launched in the 1960s and 1970s have led to a big increase in student numbers, but spending on higher education has not kept pace. The result in both countries is overcrowding and alienation among students. Both also face a major constraint on reform at the local level: Decisions on university policy are made by the central government. The two countries are beginning to take different paths out of these difficulties, however. These are discussed more fully in separate articles.