Doping-Induced Change of Superconducting Gap Anisotropy in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+δ

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Science  01 Mar 1996:
Vol. 271, Issue 5253, pp. 1255-1257
DOI: 10.1126/science.271.5253.1255


High-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurements were performed on single crystals of Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+δ with different oxygen stoichiometries. The data establish that the gap anisotropy (ratio of the gap along Γ-M to the gap along Γ-X) can be reversibly changed from ∼20:1 (optimal or underdoped) to ∼2:1 (overdoped). Differences in sample doping explain the conflicting reports on gap anisotropy in the literature. Possible effects of this change in gap anisotropy on the symmetry of the order parameter are discussed. There remains some ambiguity as to the relation between the order parameter and doping.