Reports

Protective Effect of Rotavirus VP6-Specific IgA Monoclonal Antibodies That Lack Neutralizing Activity

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Science  05 Apr 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5258, pp. 104-107
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5258.104

Abstract

Rotaviruses are the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis and dehydrating diarrhea in young children and animals worldwide. A murine model and “backpack tumor” transplantation were used to determine the protective effect of antibodies against VP4 (an outer capsid viral protein) and VP6 (a major inner capsid viral protein). Only two non-neutralizing immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies to VP6 were capable of preventing primary and resolving chronic murine rotavirus infections. These antibodies were not active, however, when presented directly to the luminal side of the intestinal tract. These findings support the hypothesis that in vivo intracellular viral inactivation by secretory IgA during transcytosis is a mechanism of host defense against rotavirus infection.