Role of the Nuclear Transport Factor p10 in Nuclear Import

Science  05 Apr 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5258, pp. 120-122
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5258.120


The nuclear import factor p10 was cloned from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and found to be essential. The protein p10 can bind directly to several peptide repeat-containing nucleoporins. It also binds to the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Ran in its guanosine diphosphate (GDP)-bound form and to karyopherin β. Assembly of the karyopherin heterodimer on immobilized nucleoporin yielded cooperative binding of p10 and Ran-GDP. Addition of GTP to this pentameric complex led to dissociation of karyopherin α, presumably via in situ formation of Ran-GTP from Ran-GDP. Thus, p10 appears to coordinate the Ran-dependent association and dissociation reactions underlying nuclear import.

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