Striction-Coupled Magnetoresistance in Perovskite-Type Manganese Oxides

Science  05 Apr 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5258, pp. 80-82
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5258.80


Magnetoresistance resulting in a drop in resistivity of more than three orders of magnitude that is strongly coupled to lattice striction has been observed under a relatively low magnetic field (0.4 tesla at 115 kelvin) for a single crystal of perovskite-type manganese oxide with finely controlled ionic radii of the A sites, (Nd,Sm)1/2Sr1/2MnO3. The colossal magnetoresistance phenomena are viewed as a first-order insulator-to-metal phase transition induced by a magnetic field, which accompanies a metamagnetic (antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic) transition and a structural change in the lattice. Clear hystereses and abrupt changes in magnetization, striction, and resistivity were observed in increasing and decreasing magnetic fields at temperatures (113 to 150 kelvin) just above the Curie temperature.