TAB1: An Activator of the TAK1 MAPKKK in TGF-β Signal Transduction

Science  24 May 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5265, pp. 1179-1182
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5265.1179


Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) regulates many aspects of cellular function. A member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) family, TAK1, was previously identified as a mediator in the signaling pathway of TGF-β superfamily members. The yeast two-hybrid system has now revealed two human proteins, termed TAB1 and TAB2 (for TAK1 binding protein), that interact with TAK1. TAB1 and TAK1 were co-immunoprecipitated from mammalian cells. Overproduction of TAB1 enhanced activity of the plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 gene promoter, which is regulated by TGF-β, and increased the kinase activity of TAK1. TAB1 may function as an activator of the TAK1 MAPKKK in TGF-β signal transduction.

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