Site-Directed Hydroxyl Radical Probing of the rRNA Neighborhood of Ribosomal Protein S5

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  14 Jun 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5268, pp. 1659-1662
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5268.1659


Cysteine residues were introduced into three different positions distributed on the surface of ribosomal protein S5, to serve as targets for derivatization with an Fe(II)-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid linker. Hydroxyl radicals generated locally from the tethered Fe(II) in intermediate ribonucleoprotein particles or in 30S ribosomal subunits reconstituted from derivatized S5 caused cleavage of the RNA, resulting in characteristically different cleavage patterns for the three different tethering positions. These findings provide constraints for the three-dimensional folding of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and for the orientation of S5 in the 30S subunit, and they further suggest that antibiotic resistance and accuracy mutations in S5 may involve perturbation of 16S rRNA.