Optical Imaging of Functional Organization in the Monkey Inferotemporal Cortex

Science  14 Jun 1996:
Vol. 272, Issue 5268, pp. 1665-1668
DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5268.1665


To investigate the functional organization of object recognition, the technique of optical imaging was applied to the primate inferotemporal cortex, which is thought to be essential for object recognition. The features critical for the activation of single cells were first determined in unit recordings with electrodes. In the subsequent optical imaging, presentation of the critical features activated patchy regions around 0.5 millimeters in diameter, covering the site of the electrode penetration at which the critical feature had been determined. Because signals in optical imaging reflect average neuronal activities in the regions, the result directly indicates the regional clustering of cells responding to similar features.

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