X-Ray Photoconductive Nanocomposites

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Science  02 Aug 1996:
Vol. 273, Issue 5275, pp. 632-634
DOI: 10.1126/science.273.5275.632


The successful development of digital radiography depends, to a large extent, on the availability of suitable x-ray photoconductors. The x-ray photoconductive nanocomposites reported here combine the advantages of both inorganic and organic compounds. An inorganic compound was finely dispersed in an organic polymer. The inorganic compound, with its large x-ray absorption efficiency, functioned as the x-ray absorber, and the polymer provided good dielectric properties and ease of thin-film preparation. The preparation procedures and the x-ray photoconductive properties of a specific example, a 50 percent by weight nanocomposite of bismuth triiodide and nylon-11, are discussed in detail.