A Requirement for Local Protein Synthesis in Neurotrophin-Induced Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity

Science  06 Sep 1996:
Vol. 273, Issue 5280, pp. 1402-1406
DOI: 10.1126/science.273.5280.1402


Two neurotrophic factors, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), are able to produce a long-lasting enhancement of synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. Unlike other forms of plasticity, neurotrophin-induced plasticity exhibited an immediate requirement for protein synthesis. Plasticity in rat hippocampal slices in which the synaptic neuropil was isolated from the principal cell bodies also required early protein synthesis. Thus, the neurotrophins may stimulate the synthesis of proteins in either axonal or dendritic compartments, allowing synapses to exert local control over the complement of proteins expressed at individual synaptic sites.

Cited By...