Research Trends: Scorecard '96

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Science  20 Dec 1996:
Vol. 274, Issue 5295, pp. 1991
DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5295.1991

Last December, Science picked seven areas of research to watch in 1996. Here's how our favorites fared in the last 12 months, showing whether our crystal ball was cloudy or clear.

Genetic testing: Debates raged over insurance as well as ethics; a new U.S. law blocks insurance firms from using genetic data to deny coverage.

Neutrino news: Neutrino hunters circled their quarry, but no hard news yet on if this elusive particle has mass.

Bacterial warfare: Some of the molecular missiles of the type III secretion system—which deliver toxic proteins into target cells—were identified.

Animal-to-human transplants: Transplantation got the go-ahead from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, but a British panel cautioned against it, and most such research stalled in '96.

Schizophrenia marker: The elusive disease has yet to be tied to specific genes, although new data boost linkages on chromosomes 6 and 8.

Extremophiles: The first genetic sequence of a heat-loving microbe showed that life is divided into just three major domains.

G proteins: New players were identified in the signaling cascade involving G proteins Rac and Rho.

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