Late Complications of Immune Deviation Therapy in a Nonhuman Primate

Science  20 Dec 1996:
Vol. 274, Issue 5295, pp. 2054-2057
DOI: 10.1126/science.274.5295.2054


The administration of antigens in soluble form can induce antigen-specific immune tolerance and suppress experimental autoimmune diseases. In a marmoset model of multiple sclerosis induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), marmosets tolerized to MOG were protected against acute disease, but after tolerization treatment a lethal demyelinating disorder emerged. In these animals, MOG-specific T cell proliferative responses were transiently suppressed, cytokine production was shifted from a T helper type 1 (TH1) to a TH2 pattern, and titers of autoantibodies to MOG were enhanced. Thus, immune deviation can increase concentrations of pathogenic autoantibodies and in some circumstances exacerbate autoimmune disease.

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