Transformation in Garnet from Orthorhombic Perovskite to LiNbO3 Phase on Release of Pressure

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Science  24 Jan 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5299, pp. 513-515
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5299.513

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High-pressure in situ x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy on quenched samples show that natural garnet transforms to orthorhombic perovskite (and minor coexisting phases) containing increasing amounts of aluminum with increasing pressure. This suggests that the perovskite is the dominant host mineral for aluminum in Earth's lower mantle. Orthorhombic perovskite is quenched from ∼35 gigapascals but, because of the increased aluminum content, transforms to the LiNbO3 structure upon quenching from ∼60 gigapascals.

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