Regulation of NF-κB by Cyclin-Dependent Kinases Associated with the p300 Coactivator

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Science  24 Jan 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5299, pp. 523-527
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5299.523

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The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) transcription factor is responsive to specific cytokines and stress and is often activated in association with cell damage and growth arrest in eukaryotes. NF-κB is a heterodimeric protein, typically composed of 50- and 65-kilodalton subunits of the Rel family, of which RelA(p65) stimulates transcription of diverse genes. Specific cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) were found to regulate transcriptional activation by NF-κB through interactions with the coactivator p300. The transcriptional activation domain of RelA(p65) interacted with an amino-terminal region of p300 distinct from a carboxyl-terminal region of p300 required for binding to the cyclin E-Cdk2 complex. The CDK inhibitor p21 or a dominant negative Cdk2, which inhibited p300-associated cyclin E-Cdk2 activity, stimulated κB-dependent gene expression, which was also enhanced by expression of p300 in the presence of p21. The interaction of NF-κB and CDKs through the p300 and CBP coactivators provides a mechanism for the coordination of transcriptional activation with cell cycle progression.

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