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Regulation of Neuronal Survival by the Serine-Threonine Protein Kinase Akt

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Science  31 Jan 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5300, pp. 661-665
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5300.661

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Abstract

A signaling pathway was delineated by which insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) promotes the survival of cerebellar neurons. IGF-1 activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) triggered the activation of two protein kinases, the serine-threonine kinase Akt and the p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K). Experiments with pharmacological inhibitors, as well as expression of wild-type and dominant-inhibitory forms of Akt, demonstrated that Akt but not p70S6K mediates PI3-K-dependent survival. These findings suggest that in the developing nervous system, Akt is a critical mediator of growth factor-induced neuronal survival.

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