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Involvement of Pre- and Postsynaptic Mechanisms in Posttetanic Potentiation at Aplysia Synapses

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Science  14 Feb 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5302, pp. 969-973
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5302.969

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Abstract

Posttetanic potentiation (PTP) is a common form of short-term synaptic plasticity that is generally thought to be entirely presynaptic. Consistent with that idea, PTP of evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials at Aplysia sensory-motor neuron synapses in cell culture was reduced by presynaptic injection of a slow calcium chelator and was accompanied by an increase in the frequency but not the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic potentials. However, PTP was also reduced by postsynaptic injection of a rapid calcium chelator or postsynaptic hyperpolarization. Thus, PTP at these synapses is likely to involve a postsynaptic induction mechanism in addition to the known presynaptic mechanisms.

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