High-Pressure Iron-Sulfur Compound, Fe3S2, and Melting Relations in the Fe-FeS System

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Science  14 Mar 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5306, pp. 1621-1623
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5306.1621

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An iron-sulfur compound (Fe3S2) was synthesized at pressures greater than 14 gigapascals in the system Fe-FeS. The formation of Fe3S2 changed the melting relations from a simple binary eutectic system to a binary system with an intermediate compound that melted incongruently. The eutectic temperature in the system at 14 gigapascals was about 400°C lower than that extrapolated from Usselman's data, implying that previous thermal models of Fe-rich planetary cores could overestimate core temperature. If it is found in a meteorite, the Fe3S2 phase could also be used to infer the minimum size of a parent body.

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