Report

Direct Radiative Forcing by Smoke from Biomass Burning

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Science  21 Mar 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5307, pp. 1777-1778
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5307.1777

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Abstract

Airborne measurements in smoke from biomass burning in Brazil have yielded optical parameters that permit an improved assessment of the effects of smoke on Earth's radiation balance. The global-mean direct radiative forcing due to smoke from biomass burning worldwide is estimated to be no more than about −0.3 watt per square meter (cooling), compared with +2.45 watts per square meter (warming) due to anthropogenic greenhouse gases. On regional scales, direct radiative forcing due to smoke can be large and might indirectly affect global climate.

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