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Signaling by Phosphoinositide-3,4,5-Trisphosphate Through Proteins Containing Pleckstrin and Sec7 Homology Domains

Science  28 Mar 1997:
Vol. 275, Issue 5308, pp. 1927-1930
DOI: 10.1126/science.275.5308.1927

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Abstract

Signal transmission by many cell surface receptors results in the activation of phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases that phosphorylate the 3′ position of polyphosphoinositides. From a screen for mouse proteins that bind phosphoinositides, the protein GRP1 was identified. GRP1 binds phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate [PtdIns(3,4,5)P3] through a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and displays a region of high sequence similarity to the yeast Sec7 protein. The PH domain of the closely related protein cytohesin-1, which, through its Sec7 homology domain, regulates integrin β2 and catalyzes guanine nucleotide exchange of the small guanine nucleotide-binding protein ARF1, was also found to specifically bind PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. GRP1 and cytohesin-1 appear to connect receptor-activated PI 3-kinase signaling pathways with proteins that mediate biological responses such as cell adhesion and membrane trafficking.

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