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Energy Conditions in the Epoch of Galaxy Formation

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Science  04 Apr 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5309, pp. 88-90
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5309.88

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Abstract

The energy conditions of Einsteinian gravity (classical general relativity) do not require one to fix a specific equation of state. In a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe where the equation of state for the cosmological fluid is uncertain, the energy conditions provide simple, model-independent, and robust bounds on the behavior of the density and look-back time as a function of red shift. Current observations suggest that the “strong energy condition” was violated sometime between the epoch of galaxy formation and the present. This implies that no possible combination of “normal” matter is capable of fitting the observational data.

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