Permo-Triassic Boundary Superanoxia and Stratified Superocean: Records from Lost Deep Sea

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Science  11 Apr 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5310, pp. 235-238
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5310.235

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Pelagic cherts of Japan and British Columbia, Canada, recorded a long-term and worldwide deep-sea anoxic (oxygen-depleted) event across the Permo-Triassic (or Paleozoic and Mesozoic) boundary (251 ± 2 million years ago). The symmetry in lithostratigraphy and redox condition of the boundary sections suggest that the superocean Panthalassa became totally stratified for nearly 20 million years across the boundary. The timing of onset, climax, and termination of the oceanic stratification correspond to global biotic events including the end-Guadalupian decline, the end-Permian extinction, and mid-Triassic recovery.

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