Manganese Oxide Mesoporous Structures: Mixed-Valent Semiconducting Catalysts

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Science  09 May 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5314, pp. 926-930
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5314.926

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Hexagonal and cubic phases of manganese oxide mesoporous structures (MOMS) have been prepared by means of the oxidation of Mn(OH)2. The hexagonal MOMS materials form a hexagonal array of pores with an open porous structure, thick walls (1.7 nanometers), and exceptional thermal stability (1000°C). The walls of the mesopores are composed of microcrystallites of dense phases of Mn2O3 and Mn3O4, with MnO6 octahedra as the primary building blocks. The calcined hexagonal MOMS have an electrical conductivity of 8.13 × 10−6 per ohm·centimeter, an average manganese oxidation state of 3.55, and a band gap of 2.46 electron volts. Catalytic oxidations of cyclohexane and n-hexane in aqueous solutions in a batch reactor show conversions of ∼10 and ∼8 percent, respectively. Characterization and catalytic data suggest that MOMS systems show significant enhancement in thermal stability with respect to octahedral molecular sieve materials.

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