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Regulation of Protein Phosphatase 2A by Direct Interaction with Casein Kinase 2α

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Science  09 May 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5314, pp. 952-955
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5314.952

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Abstract

Timely deactivation of kinase cascades is crucial to the normal control of cell signaling and is partly accomplished by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). The catalytic (α) subunit of the serine-threonine kinase casein kinase 2 (CK2) bound to PP2A in vitro and in mitogen-starved cells; binding required the integrity of a sequence motif common to CK2α and SV40 small t antigen. Overexpression of CK2α resulted in deactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) and suppression of cell growth. Moreover, CK2α inhibited the transforming activity of oncogenic Ras, but not that of constitutively activated MEK. Thus, CK2α may regulate the deactivation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.

  • * Present address: Institut Suisse de Recherche sur le Cancer, 155 chemin des Boveresses, CH-1066 Epalinges, Switzerland.

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