t-SNARE Activation Through Transient Interaction with a Rab-Like Guanosine Triphosphatase

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Science  23 May 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5316, pp. 1255-1258
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5316.1255

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Intracellular vesicle targeting involves the interaction of vesicle proteins, termed v-SNAREs, with target membrane proteins, termed t-SNAREs. Assembly of v-SNARE–t-SNARE targeting complexes is modulated by members of the Sec1-Sly1 protein family, and by small guanosine triphosphatases termed Rabs. The interactions of these proteins during assembly of the endoplasmic reticulum–to-Golgi targeting complex inSaccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. The data suggest that the Rab protein Ypt1p transiently interacts with the t-SNARE Sed5p and results in displacement of the negative regulator Sly1p, allowing subsequent formation of the v-SNARE–t-SNARE targeting complex.

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