Nondestructive Imaging of Dielectric-Constant Profiles and Ferroelectric Domains with a Scanning-Tip Microwave Near-Field Microscope

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Science  27 Jun 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5321, pp. 2004-2006
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5321.2004

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Variations in dielectric constant and patterns of microwave loss have been imaged in a yttrium-doped LiNbO3 crystal with periodic ferroelectric domains with the use of a scanning-tip near-field microwave microscope. Periodic profiles of dielectric constant and images of ferroelectric domain boundaries were observed at submicrometer resolution. The combination of these images showed a growth-instability–induced defect of periodic domain structure. Evidence of a lattice-edge dislocation has also been observed through a stress-induced variation in dielectric constant.

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