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Surface Stress in the Self-Assembly of Alkanethiols on Gold

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Science  27 Jun 1997:
Vol. 276, Issue 5321, pp. 2021-2024
DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5321.2021

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Abstract

Surface stress changes and kinetics were measured in situ during the self-assembly of alkanethiols on gold by means of a micromechanical sensor. Self-assembly caused compressive surface stress that closely followed Langmuir-type adsorption kinetics up to monolayer coverage. The surface stress at monolayer coverage increased linearly with the length of the alkyl chain of the molecule. These observations were interpreted in terms of differences in surface potential. This highly sensitive sensor technique has a broad range of applicability to specific chemical and biological interactions.

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