Archaeologists Rediscover Cannibals

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Science  01 Aug 1997:
Vol. 277, Issue 5326, pp. 635-637
DOI: 10.1126/science.277.5326.635

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The skepticism with which archaeologists once regarded claims of cannibalism among human ancestors is dissipating, thanks to a set of rigorous new criteria for identifying its marks on human fossils. Now some archaeologists are making a strong case that the practice may have occurred among our ancestors as early as 800,000 years ago; among our brawny cousins, the Neandertals; and more recently, among the Anasazi, the Aztec of Mexico and the people of Fiji.