Failure of Parturition in Mice Lacking the Prostaglandin F Receptor

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Science  01 Aug 1997:
Vol. 277, Issue 5326, pp. 681-683
DOI: 10.1126/science.277.5326.681

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Mice lacking the gene encoding the receptor for prostaglandin F (FP) developed normally but were unable to deliver normal fetuses at term. Although these FP-deficient mice showed no abnormality in the estrous cycle, ovulation, fertilization, or implantation, they did not respond to exogenous oxytocin because of the lack of induction of oxytocin receptor (a proposed triggering event in parturition), and they did not show the normal decline of serum progesterone concentrations that precedes parturition. Ovariectomy at day 19 of pregnancy restored induction of the oxytocin receptor and permitted successful delivery in the FP-deficient mice. These results indicate that parturition is initiated when prostaglandin F interacts with FP in ovarian luteal cells of the pregnant mice to induce luteolysis.

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