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Binding of Neuroligins to PSD-95

Science  05 Sep 1997:
Vol. 277, Issue 5331, pp. 1511-1515
DOI: 10.1126/science.277.5331.1511

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Abstract

PSD-95 is a component of postsynaptic densities in central synapses. It contains three PDZ domains that localizeN-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2 (NMDA2 receptor) and K+ channels to synapses. In mouse forebrain, PSD-95 bound to the cytoplasmic COOH-termini of neuroligins, which are neuronal cell adhesion molecules that interact with β-neurexins and form intercellular junctions. Neuroligins bind to the third PDZ domain of PSD-95, whereas NMDA2 receptors and K+ channels interact with the first and second PDZ domains. Thus different PDZ domains of PSD-95 are specialized for distinct functions. PSD-95 may recruit ion channels and neurotransmitter receptors to intercellular junctions formed between neurons by neuroligins and β-neurexins.

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