Rapid Colorectal Adenoma Formation Initiated by Conditional Targeting of the Apc Gene

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Science  03 Oct 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5335, pp. 120-123
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5335.120

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Familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) is a disease characterized by the development of multiple colorectal adenomas, and affected individuals carry germline mutations in the APCgene. With the use of a conditional gene targeting system, a mouse model of FAP was created that circumvents the embryonic lethality of Apc deficiency and directs Apc inactivation specifically to the colorectal epithelium. loxP sites were inserted into the introns around Apc exon 14, and the resultant mutant allele (Apc 580S) was introduced into the mouse germline. Mice homozygous for Apc 580S were normal; however, upon infection of the colorectal region with an adenovirus encoding the Cre recombinase, the mice developed adenomas within 4 weeks. The adenomas showed deletion of Apc exon 14, indicating that the loss of Apc function was caused by Cre-loxP–mediated recombination.

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