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Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Nanotubes with Well-Separated Layers of Boron Nitride and Carbon

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Science  24 Oct 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5338, pp. 653-655
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5338.653

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Abstract

Polyhedral and tubular graphitic nanoparticles made of carbon layers and boron nitride (BN) layers have been synthesized. These particles were observed in the soot collected on the anode deposit formed by arcing a hafnium diboride rod with graphite in a nitrogen atmosphere. Elemental profiles with subnanometer-scale resolution revealed a strong phase separation between BN layers and carbon layers along the radial direction. Most of these tubes have a sandwich structure with carbon layers both in the center and at the periphery, separated by a few BN layers. This structure provides insight into the atomistic mechanism of nanotube growth in the boron-carbon-nitrogen ternary system and may lead to the creation of nanostructured electronic devices relying on the controlled production of heteroatomic nanotubes.

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