Three-Dimensional Dynamic Simulation of the 1992 Landers Earthquake

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Science  31 Oct 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5339, pp. 834-838
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5339.834

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The 1992 Landers, California, earthquake (magnitude 7.3) was modeled as the propagation of a spontaneous rupture controlled by a realistic prestress distribution with the use of a three-dimensional finite-difference method. The dynamic rupture reproduces the general slip pattern used to compute the initial stress distribution and generates near-fault ground motions at the surface similar to observations. The simulated rupture propagates on the fault along a complex path with highly variable speed and rise time, changing the magnitude and pattern of the stress significantly. The method provides the framework to estimate earthquake rupture parameters from recorded seismic and geodetic data.

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