Requirement of NF-κB Activation to Suppress p53-Independent Apoptosis Induced by Oncogenic Ras

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Science  05 Dec 1997:
Vol. 278, Issue 5344, pp. 1812-1815
DOI: 10.1126/science.278.5344.1812

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The ras proto-oncogene is frequently mutated in human tumors and functions to chronically stimulate signal transduction cascades resulting in the synthesis or activation of specific transcription factors, including Ets, c-Myc, c-Jun, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). These Ras-responsive transcription factors are required for transformation, but the mechanisms by which these proteins facilitate oncogenesis have not been fully established. Oncogenic Ras was shown to initiate a p53-independent apoptotic response that was suppressed through the activation of NF-κB. These results provide an explanation for the requirement of NF-κB for Ras-mediated oncogenesis and provide evidence that Ras-transformed cells are susceptible to apoptosis even if they do not express the p53 tumor-suppressor gene product.

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