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Chemokines and the Arrest of Lymphocytes Rolling Under Flow Conditions

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Science  16 Jan 1998:
Vol. 279, Issue 5349, pp. 381-384
DOI: 10.1126/science.279.5349.381

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Abstract

Circulating lymphocytes are recruited from the blood to the tissue by rolling along the endothelium until being stopped by a signaling event linked to the Giα subunit of a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein; that event then triggers rapid integrin-dependent adhesion. Four chemokines are now shown to induce such adhesion to intercellular adhesion molecule–1 and to induce arrest of rolling cells within 1 second under flow conditions similar to those of blood. SDF-1 (also called PBSF), 6-C-kine (also called Exodus-2), and MIP-3β (also called ELC or Exodus-3) induced adhesion of most circulating lymphocytes, including most CD4+ T cells; and MIP-3α (also called LARC or Exodus-1) triggered adhesion of memory, but not naı̈ve, CD4+ T cells. Thus, chemokines can regulate the arrest of lymphocyte subsets under flowing conditions, which may allow them to control lymphocyte–endothelial cell recognition and lymphocyte recruitment in vivo.

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