Delayed Fracture of an Inhomogeneous Soft Solid

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Science  10 Apr 1998:
Vol. 280, Issue 5361, pp. 265-267
DOI: 10.1126/science.280.5361.265

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The spontaneous fracture of polymer gels was studied. Contrary to crystalline solids, where fracture usually happens instantaneously at a well-defined breaking strength, the fracture of a polymer gel can occur with a delay. When a constant force was applied, the cracks nucleated and started to propagate after a delay that can be as long as 15 minutes, depending on the force. This phenomenon can be understood by calculating the activation energy for crack nucleation in arbitrary dimension and accounting for the inhomogeneity of the gel network in terms of its fractal dimension.

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