The Scientific Investments of Nations

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Science  03 Jul 1998:
Vol. 281, Issue 5373, pp. 49-51
DOI: 10.1126/science.281.5373.49

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This policy forum looks at patterns of investment in R&D among the world's top scientific nations, which account for over 80% of the world's total investment in R&D. Overall, their R&D investment is going up, with nongovernment investments rising faster than government investment. The policy forum discusses variations among the countries in their investment in basic research and in its productivity in terms of scientific papers; in the ratio of their private- to public-sector R&D; and in their capacity to exploit basic research advances, as measured, for example, by business R&D intensity and ownership of U.S. or EU patents.