Ultrasonic Shear Wave Velocities of MgSiO3 Perovskite at 8 GPa and 800 K and Lower Mantle Composition

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Science  31 Jul 1998:
Vol. 281, Issue 5377, pp. 677-679
DOI: 10.1126/science.281.5377.677

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Ultrasonic interferometric measurements of the shear elastic properties of MgSiO3 perovskite were conducted on three polycrystalline specimens at conditions up to pressures of 8 gigapascals and temperatures of 800 kelvin. The acoustic measurements produced the pressure (P) and temperature (T) derivatives of the shear modulus (G), namely (∂G/∂P)T = 1.8 ± 0.4 and (∂G/∂T)P = −2.9 ± 0.3 × 10−2 gigapascals per kelvin. Combining these derivatives with the derivatives that were measured for the bulk modulus and thermal expansion of MgSiO3 perovskite provided data that suggest lower mantle compositions between pyrolite and C1 carbonaceous chondrite and a lower mantle potential temperature of 1500 ± 200 kelvin.

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