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Eps15 homology (EH) domains are eukaryotic signaling modules that recognize proteins containing Asn-Pro-Phe (NPF) sequences. The structure of the central EH domain of Eps15 has been solved by heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The fold consists of a pair of EF hand motifs, the second of which binds tightly to calcium. The NPF peptide is bound in a hydrophobic pocket between two α helices, and binding is mediated by a critical aromatic interaction as revealed by structure-based mutagenesis. The fold is predicted to be highly conserved among 30 identified EH domains and provides a structural basis for defining EH-mediated events in protein trafficking and growth factor signaling.
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