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Experimental Demonstration of Guiding and Bending of Electromagnetic Waves in a Photonic Crystal

Science  09 Oct 1998:
Vol. 282, Issue 5387, pp. 274-276
DOI: 10.1126/science.282.5387.274

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Abstract

The routing and interconnection of optical signals through narrow channels and around sharp corners are important for large-scale all-optical circuit applications. A recent computational result suggests that photonic crystals may offer a novel way of achieving this goal by providing a mechanism for guiding light that is fundamentally different from traditional index guiding. Waveguiding in a photonic crystal and near 100 percent transmission of electromagnetic waves around sharp 90 degree corners were observed experimentally. Bending radii were made smaller than one wavelength.

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