Role of Heteromer Formation in GABAB Receptor Function

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Science  01 Jan 1999:
Vol. 283, Issue 5398, pp. 74-77
DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5398.74

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Recently, GBR1, a seven-transmembrane domain protein with high affinity for γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)B receptor antagonists, was identified. Here, a GBR1-related protein, GBR2, was shown to be coexpressed with GBR1 in many brain regions and to interact with it through a short domain in the carboxyl-terminal cytoplasmic tail. Heterologously expressed GBR2 mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase; however, inwardly rectifying potassium channels were activated by GABAB receptor agonists only upon coexpression with GBR1 and GBR2. Thus, the interaction of these receptors appears to be crucial for important physiological effects of GABA and provides a mechanism in receptor signaling pathways that involve a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein.

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