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Convergence of Transforming Growth Factor-β and Vitamin D Signaling Pathways on SMAD Transcriptional Coactivators

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Science  26 Feb 1999:
Vol. 283, Issue 5406, pp. 1317-1321
DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5406.1317

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Abstract

Cell proliferation and differentiation are regulated by growth regulatory factors such as transforming growth factor–β (TGF-β) and the liphophilic hormone vitamin D. TGF-β causes activation of SMAD proteins acting as coactivators or transcription factors in the nucleus. Vitamin D controls transcription of target genes through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Smad3, one of the SMAD proteins downstream in the TGF-β signaling pathway, was found in mammalian cells to act as a coactivator specific for ligand-induced transactivation of VDR by forming a complex with a member of the steroid receptor coactivator–1 protein family in the nucleus. Thus, Smad3 may mediate cross-talk between vitamin D and TGF-β signaling pathways.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: uskato{at}hongo.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp

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