Quantum-Well States as Fabry-Pérot Modes in a Thin-Film Electron Interferometer

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Science  12 Mar 1999:
Vol. 283, Issue 5408, pp. 1709-1711
DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5408.1709

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Angle-resolved photoemission from atomically uniform silver films on iron (100) shows quantum-well states for absolutely determined film thicknesses ranging from 1 to ∼100 monolayers. These states can be understood in terms of Fabry-Pérot modes in an electron interferometer. A quantitative line shape analysis over the entire two orders of magnitude of thickness range yields an accurate measurement of the band structure, quasiparticle lifetime, electron reflectivity, and phase shift. Effects of confinement energy gap, reflection loss, and surface scattering caused by controlled roughness are demonstrated.

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