"Debye-Scherrer Ellipses" from 3D Fullerene Polymers: An Anisotropic Pressure Memory Signature

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Science  12 Mar 1999:
Vol. 283, Issue 5408, pp. 1720-1723
DOI: 10.1126/science.283.5408.1720

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High-pressure studies on fullerenes have previously shown the existence of one- and two-dimensional (2D) polymerized C60structures. Synchrotron radiation measurements, performed on C60 samples quenched from 13 gigapascals and 820 kelvin, yield unambiguous proof for the existence of a three-dimensional (3D) polymerized C60 derivative. Moreover, unusual ellipsoidal Debye-Scherrer diffraction patterns are observed, which shows that the giant anisotropic deformation induced by the nonhydrostatic compression is retained in the quenched samples. The multiple bonding possibilities of the highly symmetrical C60 allow the retention (down to ambient pressure) of the deformation, a phenomenon reported previously only under high pressure.

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