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Quantum Computing with Electrons Floating on Liquid Helium

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Science  18 Jun 1999:
Vol. 284, Issue 5422, pp. 1967-1969
DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5422.1967

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Abstract

A quasi–two-dimensional set of electrons (1 <N < 109) in vacuum, trapped in one-dimensional hydrogenic levels above a micrometer-thick film of liquid helium, is proposed as an easily manipulated strongly interacting set of quantum bits. Individual electrons are laterally confined by micrometer-sized metal pads below the helium. Information is stored in the lowest hydrogenic levels. With electric fields, at temperatures of 10−2 kelvin, changes in the wave function can be made in nanoseconds. Wave function coherence times are 0.1 millisecond. The wave function is read out with an inverted dc voltage, which releases excited electrons from the surface.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pmp{at}bell-labs.com

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