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Identification of Both Shared and Distinct Proteins in the Major and Minor Spliceosomes

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Science  18 Jun 1999:
Vol. 284, Issue 5422, pp. 2003-2005
DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5422.2003

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Abstract

In metazoans, two distinct spliceosomes catalyzing pre–messenger RNA splicing have been identified. Here, the human U11/U12 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), a subunit of the minor (U12-dependent) spliceosome, was isolated. Twenty U11/U12 proteins were identified, including subsets unique to the minor spliceosome or common to both spliceosomes. Common proteins include four U2 snRNP polypeptides that constitute the essential splicing factor SF3b. A 35-kilodalton U11-associated protein homologous to the U1 snRNP 70K protein was also identified. These data provide fundamental information about proteins of the minor spliceosome and shed light on its evolutionary relationship to the major spliceosome.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: luehrmann{at}imt.uni-marburg.de

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