Special Reviews

Gene Discovery and Product Development for Grain Quality Traits

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Science  16 Jul 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5426, pp. 372-375
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5426.372

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Abstract

The composition of oils, proteins, and carbohydrates in seeds of corn, soybean, and other crops has been modified to produce grains with enhanced value. Both plant breeding and molecular technologies have been used to produce plants carrying the desired traits. Genomics-based strategies for gene discovery, coupled with high-throughput transformation processes and miniaturized, automated analytical and functionality assays, have accelerated the identification of product candidates. Molecular marker–based breeding strategies have been used to accelerate the process of moving trait genes into high-yielding germplasm for commercialization. These products are being tested for applications in food, feed, and industrial markets.

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