Report

Electronically Configurable Molecular-Based Logic Gates

Science  16 Jul 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5426, pp. 391-394
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5426.391

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Abstract

Logic gates were fabricated from an array of configurable switches, each consisting of a monolayer of redox-active rotaxanes sandwiched between metal electrodes. The switches were read by monitoring current flow at reducing voltages. In the “closed” state, current flow was dominated by resonant tunneling through the electronic states of the molecules. The switches were irreversibly opened by applying an oxidizing voltage across the device. Several devices were configured together to produce AND and OR logic gates. The high and low current levels of those gates were separated by factors of 15 and 30, respectively, which is a significant enhancement over that expected for wired-logic gates.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: heath{at}chem.ucla.edu

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