Localization-Delocalization Transition in Quantum Dots

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Science  30 Jul 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5428, pp. 715-718
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5428.715

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Single-electron capacitance spectroscopy precisely measures the energies required to add individual electrons to a quantum dot. The spatial extent of electronic wave functions is probed by investigating the dependence of these energies on changes in the dot confining potential. For low electron densities, electrons occupy distinct spatial sites localized within the dot. At higher densities, the electrons become delocalized, and all wave functions are spread over the full dot area. Near the delocalization transition, the last remaining localized states exist at the perimeter of the dot. Unexpectedly, these electrons appear to bind with electrons in the dot center.

  • * Present Address: Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ 07974, USA.

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