In Vivo Protein Transduction: Delivery of a Biologically Active Protein into the Mouse

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Science  03 Sep 1999:
Vol. 285, Issue 5433, pp. 1569-1572
DOI: 10.1126/science.285.5433.1569

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Delivery of therapeutic proteins into tissues and across the blood-brain barrier is severely limited by the size and biochemical properties of the proteins. Here it is shown that intraperitoneal injection of the 120-kilodalton β-galactosidase protein, fused to the protein transduction domain from the human immunodeficiency virus TAT protein, results in delivery of the biologically active fusion protein to all tissues in mice, including the brain. These results open new possibilities for direct delivery of proteins into patients in the context of protein therapy, as well as for epigenetic experimentation with model organisms.

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